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Version: v7

Progressive Web Apps in React

Making your React app a PWA with Vite

The two main requirements of a PWA are a Service Worker and a Web Application Manifest. While it's possible to add both of these to an app manually, we recommend using the Vite PWA Plugin instead.

To get started, install the vite-plugin-pwa package:

npm install -D vite-plugin-pwa

Next, update your vite.config.js or vite.config.ts file and add vite-plugin-pwa:

import { defineConfig } from 'vite';
import react from '@vitejs/plugin-react';
import { VitePWA } from 'vite-plugin-pwa';

export default defineConfig({
plugins: [react(), VitePWA({ registerType: 'autoUpdate' })],

This minimal configuration allows your application to generate the Web Application Manifest and Service Worker on build.

For more information on configuring the Vite PWA Plugin, see the Vite PWA "Getting Started" Guide.

See the Vite PWA "Deploy" Guide for information on how to deploy your PWA.

Making your React app a PWA with Create React App


As of Ionic CLI v7, Ionic React starter apps ship with Vite instead of Create React App. See Making your React app a PWA with Vite for Vite instructions.

The two main requirements of a PWA are a Service Worker and a Web Application Manifest. While it's possible to add both of these to an app manually, a base project from Create React App (CRA) and the Ionic CLI provides this already.

In the index.ts for your app, there is a call to a serviceWorker.unregister() function. The base that CRA provides has service workers as an opt-in feature, so it must be enabled. To enable, call serviceWorker.register().

import React from 'react';
import { createRoot } from 'react-dom/client';
import App from './App';
import * as serviceWorkerRegistration from './serviceWorkerRegistration';

const container = document.getElementById('root');
const root = createRoot(container!);
<App />

// If you want your app to work offline and load faster, you can change
// unregister() to register() below. Note this comes with some pitfalls.
// Learn more about service workers:

Once this package has been added, run ionic build and the build directory will be ready to deploy as a PWA.


By default, react apps package comes with the Ionic logo for the app icons. Be sure to update the manifest to use the correct app name and also replace the icons.


Features like Service Workers and many JavaScript APIs (such as geolocation) require the app to be hosted in a secure context. When deploying an app through a hosting service, be aware that HTTPS will be required to take full advantage of Service Workers.

Service Worker configuration

By default, CRA/React Scripts come with a preconfigured Service Worker setup based on Workbox's Webpack plugin. This utilizes a cache-first strategy, meaning that your app will load from a cache, even if the network returns a newer version of the app.

Because of the nature of CRA/React Scripts, the configuration for this is internal to React Scripts, meaning that it cannot be customized without ejecting from React Scripts. Currently, the Ionic CLI does not support an ejected React App, so if this action is taken, you'll need to use npm/yarn scripts instead of the Ionic CLI.



Firebase hosting provides many benefits for Progressive Web Apps, including fast response times thanks to CDNs, HTTPS enabled by default, and support for HTTP2 push.

First, if not already available, create the project in Firebase.

Next, in a Terminal, install the Firebase CLI:

npm install -g firebase-tools

If it's the first time you use firebase-tools, login to your Google account with firebase login command.

With the Firebase CLI installed, run firebase init within your Ionic project. The CLI prompts:

"Which Firebase CLI features do you want to set up for this folder?" Choose "Hosting: Configure files for Firebase Hosting and (optionally) set up GitHub Action deploys".

Create a new Firebase project or select an existing one.

"Select a default Firebase project for this directory:" Choose the project you created on the Firebase website.

"What do you want to use as your public directory?" Enter "build".


Answering this next question will ensure that routing, hard reload, and deep linking work in the app:

Configure as a single-page app (rewrite all urls to /index.html)?" Enter "Yes".

"File build/index.html already exists. Overwrite?" Enter "No".

Set up automatic builds and deploys with Github? Enter "Yes".

For which GitHub repository would you like to set up a Github Workflow? Enter your project name.

Set up the workflow to run a build script before every deploy? Enter "Yes".

What script should be run before every deploy? Enter npm ci && npm run build.

Set up automatic deployment to your sites live channel when a PR is merged? Enter "Yes".

What is the name of the get hooked branch associated with your sites live channel? Enter your project's main branch name.

A firebase.json config file is generated, configuring the app for deployment.

The last thing needed is to make sure caching headers are being set correctly. To do this, add a headers snippet to the firebase.json file. The complete firebase.json looks like:

"hosting": {
"public": "build",
"ignore": ["firebase.json", "**/.*", "**/node_modules/**"],
"rewrites": [
"source": "**",
"destination": "/index.html"
"headers": [
"source": "/**",
"headers": [
"key": "Cache-Control",
"value": "public, max-age=31536000"

For more information about the firebase.json properties, see the Firebase documentation.

Next, build an optimized version of the app by running:

ionic build --prod

Last, deploy the app by running:

firebase deploy

After this completes, the app will be live.